Origin of Tinney

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Origin of Tinney

Total Records: 2 
Origin of Tinney, Meaning of Tinney

Origin: The Ogham word for the Holly tree is Tinne.
Surnames: Tinney
Submitted by: Angela L. Tinney
Origin of Tinney, Meaning of Tinney

Origin: As noted in Theophoric Personal Names in Ancient Hebrew, published in 1988 by Jeaneane D. Fowler, the Hebrew prepositional element 't', as also Phoen.; Palm.; Akk. itti, is defined as with; i.e., God is with us. This is similar to the variations of the Tinney surname found in A Dictionary of the Maori Language, where Tenei means this, near, or connected with the speaker [similar to the meaning given for the Cornish word Thynny: we, us]; and Tini means very many, a host or myriad [endless, an attribute of God]. It appears that this idea of the source of all light has also followed down traditionally in the Tinia variations noted by Edward O'Reilly in
An Irish-English Dictionary, published in Dublin, Ireland, in A.D. 1864. Here, the 16th letter of the Irish alphabet is listed as:
Tinne, a. meaning "wonderful, strange";
adv. meaning almost.
Tinne, s. meaning "a chain; the name of the letter 'T'." "T" is the 16th letter of the Irish alphabet and ranked among the hard consonants. Also,
tin, s.f., a beginning, fire; [as in Cornish Tan: fire; Cornish Tehan: a firebrand; to light; kindle]; a gross, corpulent, fat [as in Cornish Tenn: rude; rustic]; also, tender [as in Cornish Tyner: tender], soft [as in Cornish Tene: sucking (too young to be weaned; Cornish Tena: to suck)]; thin [as in Cornish Tanau: thin, slender, small, lean].
tine, s.f., fire, a link; [the link, the constant attachment there is betwixt the tongue (which is the fire) of the eloquent, and the ears of the audience.]
tin or tion, v. to melt or dissolve, O'B.
tinn, adj., sick; inflection of teann, brave, etc.
[See: Antiquities, Historical and Monumental, of the County of Cornwall, published 1769, by William Borlase, LL.D., F.R.S., pages 103, 106; also A Cornish-English Vocabulary.] (The word Tyn in Cornish, i.e. a Passage over a River or Arm of the Sea; also a Hill, is also noted in A Cornish-English Vocabulary, the last section
in the book: Antiquities, Historical and Monumental, of the County of Cornwall,
published in London, 1769, by William Borlase, LL.D., F.R.S., Rector of Ludgvan, Cornwall.)

Richard Polwhele, mentions in his book republished in A.D. 1978, The Language, Literature, and Literary Characters of Cornwall,
Vol. 6, page 95, that the word Tine, means
"?to light." A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, by Geir T. Zoega, lists:
Tinna, f. means "flint", a spark producing alloy or very hard, fine-grained quartz that sparks when struck with steel. [See: Flint-working in the Metal Age, an article by Stephen Ford, Richard Bradley, John Hawkes and Peter Fisher; in Oxford Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 3, No. 2,
July 1984, pages 157-174. This paper considers the relationship between flint technology and the development of metalworking in Britain.] The concept of light is also carried down in Norwegian. The Norwegian English Dictionary, by Einar Haugen, Ph.D., published 1985, p. 426, defines:
tenne V . . . light; fire, ignite, kindle . . . set off (an explosion, a mine), start . . .
switch on, turn on (electric light) . . .

Geographically, from Archaeologia, 2nd Series, Vol. 43, Tinea: River Tyne, Northumberland, England. Ptolemy, Geogr. ii. 3,5, in using this name for the Tay, transposed it incorrectly . . Derivation: (Walde-Pokorny, ii, 700 cites root ta . . . ti, 'to melt', 'to flow'. With -na suffix the latter would give Tina, cf. Old Bulgar. And Russ. Tina, 'mud', 'mire'. I.W. Cf. ERN. 426)
Meaning: 'The flowing stream'.

Ogham was the earliest form of writing in Irish in which the Latin alphabet is adapted to a series of twenty 'letters' of straight lines and notches carved on the edge of a piece of stone or wood, as so noted in the Dictionary of Celtic Mythology, by James MacKillop, published 1998 by Oxford University Press. Ogham inscriptions date primarily from the 4th to 8th centuries A.D. and are found mainly on standing stones. Ogham inscriptions are scattered throughout Ireland, Great Britain, the Isle of Man, with (5) five in Cornwall, about (30) thirty in Scotland and more than (40) forty in Wales. South Wales was an area of extensive settlement from southern Ireland. In Wales, ogham inscriptions have both Irish and Brythonic-Latin adjacent inscriptions. Each ogham letter was named for a different tree. "T". = The twentieth letter of the modern
English alphabet is represented by tinne [Ir.,holly] in the ogham alphabet of early Ireland. "T" appears as three straight lines: "lll" above the foundation-line: _________ [druim]. Holly of the Old World often had bright-red berries and glossy, evergreen leaves with spiny margins, used traditionally for Christmas decoration.

The letter "T" is further discussed, by William Morris, editor of The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, published in 1976, by the Houghton Mifflin Company, in Boston, Massachusetts. Mention is made that around 1000 B.C., the Phoenicians and other Semites of Syria and Palestine began to use a graphic sign in three irregular and interchangeable forms. They gave it the name taw, meaning "mark", and used it for the
consonant "t". After 900 B.C., the Greeks borrowed the sign from the Phoenicians, altering its shape slightly to give it the characteristic "T" form. They also changed the name to tau. The Greek forms passed unchanged via Etruscan to the Roman alphabet. The Roman Monumental Capital is the prototype of the modern printed and written capital "T". This traces the 16th letter in the Irish alphabet, the letter "T", named Tinne, and thus, the Surname Tinney of which Tinne is a known variant, back through time to the Hebrew alphabet letter "T".

The Jewish Zohar, (R. Shimon bar Yochai [2nd Century] and his school, the basic work of the Kabbalah), mentions "the Tav makes an impression on the Ancient of Days" (used to represent God or the man Adam). That is, the
letter "T", called Taw, the 22nd and the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet, is the Impression, the Seal of Creation, as also represented by the Hexagram Seal of Solomon or the Star of David. It is a symbol of the faith of Judaism and
the national emblem of the State of Israel.
Tannaim, i.e., the tanna, or Teni were the ancient Jewish scholars, expounding law and teaching the people in synagogues and academies, the foundations of an ancient University. In Jerusalem there was at the Temple Mount the Avtinus Chamber Room, where incense was
compounded for later use in the offerings upon the Golden Altar.

As noted in Words, an illustrated history of western languages, published in 1983 and edited by Victor Stevenson, the Romany number three: tin, has an identical counterpart in the Sanskrit trini and modern Indian tin. Robert I. Levy mentions in his book: Mesocosm, published in
1990, concerning Tini, as part of the Sivacarya ("Acariya of Siva") thar. These were priests of the lower Brahman order, existing in Bhaktapur and some near villages in Nepal.

Teni is emblematically represented in the Papyrus of Nu, located in the British Museum, No. 10,477; sheet #19 ( The Book of the Dead ).

Giuliano Bonfante and Larissa Bonfante, show in The Etruscan Language, as published as an
introduction thereto by the Manchester University Press in 1983, in the Glossary under Part Three: Study Aids, the following translations are given:
Ten/= to act as
Tin/= day
Tin, Tinia= Jupiter, Zeus, god of daylight.

The concept of authority, noted in Teena: Mount Sinai, in Arabic, is further expanded in the Aramaic Teni, origin of the word tanna, to hand
down orally, study or teach, from which the Jewish Tannaim or teachers, mentioned in the Mishnah or of mishnaic times.

Tinnio -ire, a Latin word, means to ring, tinkle; also, Transf., (1) to talk or sing shrilly;
(2) to make to chink; hence to pay money.
Teneo, Transf., a, to hold in the mind, to understand, and Intransit., to keep on, persevere.

From The Book of Girl's Names, Christine is stated as the most common name, along with
Christina, derived from CHRIST. The first record of the name dates from the 3rd century, when St. Christin lived, a Roman noblewoman; she being martyred circa A.D. 295. Pet forms of the name were taken from both halves of it--Chris or Chrissie and Teenie and Tina.

Rabbi Bernard Susser, The Jews of South-West England, published 1993, information concerning the rise and decline of their Medieval and Modern
Communities. Rabbi Susser marks the Tinney surname as Jewish. In his commentary, he states that as late as A.D. 1342, the name of at least one tin mine owner, Abraham the Tinner, who owned a number of stream works in A.D. 1342 and employed several hundred men, "suggests that he was of Jewish origin".
On the other hand, Edward MacLysaght, in
The Surnames of Ireland, suggests Tiney, Tinney, Tyney as variants of Mac Atinney in Donegal. Mac Ashinagh: Mac an tSionnaigh (sionnach, fox), now usually called Fox. It is sometimes abbreviated phonetically to
MacAtinney, which is an Armagh family, a branch of which migrated to Mayo, and it is suggested it applies to the Tinney surname which is found in Donegal. However, P. W. Joyce, LL. D., one of the Commissioners for the Publication of the Ancient Laws of Ireland, wrote: The Origin and History of Irish Names of Places, Vol. I published in 1910. He mentions on page 216 that Teine is the general word for fire, and in modern names it is usually found forming the termination tinny.

Cassell's Dutch Dictionary, lists:
tin: tin, pewter, as well as:
tinne: battlements, crenel.
Battlement was a parapet built on top of a wall
with indentations for defense or decoration, associated with the metal tin in its construction, with instruments of warfare and the battle cry;
both by appearance and vocal in the shout uttered by troops in battle. The employment of Cornish tin miners on fortifications was a long-established custom, as noted in Tudor Cornwall [Note: Tudor was the surname of the English royal family from Henry VII (A.D. 1485) through
Elizabeth I (A.D. 1603)., by A. L. Rowse, published 1941, page 402.

The process of extracting tin from the ground required mathematical planning and engineering skills. Cornwall miners were not only used on fortifications; they were also engaged regularly in shipping and the British system of colonization.
The Revised Medieval Latin Word-List, prepared by R. E. Latham, M.A., worked on obtaining data from two committees appointed in 1924 and 1931; data up to the eleventh century and the other covering the whole period to A.D. 1500, shows among other definitions, that:
tin/neum, tin A.D. 1486
Thus, the Latin term for the English "tin" was similar in A.D. 1486.]

Cornish Tin Miners [England]
"The seminal importance of the English voyages to North Carolina and Virginia [USA] which were made under the auspices of Sir Walter Raleigh between A.D. 1584 and 1591 has long been fully recognized despite their failure to found a lasting settlement on American soil." See: The William and Mary Quarterly, [USA], 3rd Series, Vol. VI, No. 2, (April, 1949), article beginning page 173, Preparations for the A.D. 1585 Virginia Voyage,
by David B. Quinn. There is reference made to the need to use "sum of your myners of Cornwell" in the proposed colony. As stated on page 214 of this article, "Besides the military administrators and personnel a number of individual specialists were required." This included "sum of your myners of Cornwell"
{16} The employment of Cornish tin miners on fortifications was a long-established custom
[A. L. Rowse, Tudor Cornwall (1941), 402]. In the spring of 1586 Raleigh was instructed to levy 100 Cornish tin miners to be sent to the Low Countries for this purpose [William Murdin, A Collection of State Papers . . . 1571 to 1596 . . . left by William Cecil Lord Burghley (1759), 782; Raleigh to Leicester, March 29, 1586, in Edwards, Ralegh, II, 33-34]. Continuing, on page 216, lists among men to be taken to America were: Men experte in the arte of fortification . . . Makers of spades and shovells for pyoners, trentchers, and fortemakers. Makers of basketts to cary earthe to fortes Rampiers. Pioners and spadesmen for fortification . . . Men cunning in the art of fortification, that may chuse out places strong by nature to be fortified, and that can plot out and direct workmen. Choise spadesmen, to trench cunningly, and to raise bulwarks and rampiers of earth for defence and offence . . . Mynerall men and Men skilful in all Minerall causes . . .

Tin/Tynne, from the Camden Society, [England], Publications, Vol. 12, The Egerton Papers, pages 283-285, C. J. Popham's Letter Regarding Tin, dated the ixth of August 1598, "To the Q(ueen). Most excelent Matie" [Elizabeth I]
. . . The cawse that hath hytherunto moved me to forbeare to wryte touchyng the matter of Tynne, as your Matie gave me in charge, hath ben for that I desyered fyrst to have spoken
with one whome I may trust, that came very latelye out of the liberty, by whome I expected (if I cold have gotten hym) to have ben better informed off the trewe valewe of Tynne in
those partes: for I well know that ordynarye merchantes are not to be dealt with therin, who seke by all meanes to conceale the great benefytt of their trades, whether it growe through the Englishe or forrein comodytes; and I can not thynke that by meanes of the generall companyes of Merchantes your Matie
shalbe able to advance suche benyfytt to your selff off the Tynne as ys sett downe in the notes, but some other way must be thought off to rayse that, or happely some greater commodyte,
which upon conferens hadd with the partie that gate the information (who as yt seemeth hathe muche and to purpose labored in the cawse)
may be effected as I am perswaded. Upon my conferens off late with Mr. Myddelton, I fynd ther can not be so muche Tynne . . . weight off Tynne . . .
At Wellington, the ixth of August, A.D. 1598
Surnames: Teni, Teny, Tenney, Tenni, Tennison, Tenny, Tennyson, Tin, Tini, Tinn, Tinne, Tinney, Tinnie, Tinning, Tinny, Tyne, Tynne, Tynney, Tynny
Submitted by: V. Chris & Tom Tinney, Sr.

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